종합경제사회연구원 뉴스레터 RIES Newsletter
實事求是 Seek after Truth, Based on Facts
종합경제사회연구원 Research Institute of the East-West Economy & Society
International Scientific Conference: <Young Scientists - Uniting Force of World Science and Culture>
The conference was well organized and tight with over 100 foreign participants. On September 3 before the conference, we hurried up to visit the National Museum of Turkmenistan and the Museum of Ethnography. September sky of Ashgabat was clear and the serenity. Over 30 degrees in the midday heat was the rampant faking, though the threshold of the fall in Turkmenistan.
I was too busy for pressing the shutter button of my camera because I was fascinated by Turkmenistan's ancient ruins. I also forget the hot temperature owing to taking pictures. We visited the local history, monuments of Old and New Nisa of the State Historical and Cultural Reserve "Nisa" that was the Prthian Fortress included into the UNESCO World Heritage List (No. C1242).
Next day, with the congratulatory speech of Esteemed President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov to participants of the international Scientific Conference the international conference started at 10: 00 am. After conference, we saw a creative concert of students and masters of art at the Turkmen State Institute of Culture during 18.00 - 19.30. On September 5, Thursday, the conference began at 09:00 am and continued the concluding session of the international scientific conference; The Approval of Official Statements Participants of the International Scientific Conference to the Esteemed President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov to 18:00. After conference we saw the opera, "Gerogly" and finished all the conference.
Many foreign colleagues who came from all over the world met and discussed about common subject. The conference was meaningful, though the time was limited to discuss the issues. I also have the great honor to participate the valuable international conference. I'd like to give thanks for all members of committee and especially President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov. I expect to hold the next fruitful conference in Ashgabat again.
Dr. Gurbanguly M. Berdimuhamedov, President of Turkmenistan, was born in 1957, in the Babarap village of Geok-tepe district (Ashgabat province) of Turkmenistan.
In 1979 graduated from Turkmen State Medical Institute in Ashgabat. From 1979 to 1997 – was working in different posts in the system of Ministry of Healthcare and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan. Has worked as a teacher, associate professor in the chair of preventive dentistry, Dean of dentistry faculty of Turkmen State Medical Institute, Director of Stomatological Center of the Ministry of Healthcare and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan. He has obtained a PhD, Doctor’s degree in medical science.
In December 1997 he was appointed Minister of Healthcare and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan.
He was appointed Executive Director of Healthcare Development Foundation of Turkmenistan and Acting Rector of Turkmen State Medical Institute.
In April 2001 he was appointed Deputy Chairman of Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan. On December 21, 2006 by the decision of the State Security Council of Turkmenistan he was appointed Acting President of Turkmenistan and Supreme
Commander-in-Chief of Armed Forces of Turkmenistan.
On February 11, 2007 on nationwide election out of six candidates he was elected President of Turkmenistan. On February 14, 2007 in the XIX session of Halk Maslahaty (Peoples Council) – supreme authority of Turkmenistan – Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov officially assumed a post of the President of Turkmenistan.
On February 12, 2012 President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov has been re-elected for the second term.
President Berdimuhamedov continues to do specific research in medicine. The scope of his scientific interests also includes economics, ecology, and history.
In his free time he enjoys sport shooting, horse riding and racing, and martial arts. (See: http://turkmenistanembassy.org/president-of-turkmenistan/)
After taking office, Berdimuhamedow reversed several of Niyazov's more eccentric policies. Internet cafes offering free and uncensored Web access opened in Ashgabat, compulsory education was extended from nine to ten years and classes in sports and foreign languages were re-introduced into the curriculum, and the government announced plans to open several specialized schools for the arts. President Berdimuhamedow has called for reform of education, health care and pension systems, and government officials of non-Turkmen ethnic origin who had been sacked by Niyazov have returned to work. He also restored the pensions of 100,000 elderly people whose pensions Niyazov had slashed in the face of an unspecified budget crisis. Later on, he reopened the Turkmen Academy of Sciences, which had been closed by Niyazov. (See: Wikipedia)
The Youth's Role in the Community Development as the Physical and Spiritual Wealth: Lessons of Korea's “We can do” Spirit
Seong Min Hong
Turkmenistan has been at the crossroads of civilizations since long time ago. It has many influences of Islamic, Turkish, Russian and Western cultures in history. Turkmen people are proud of their new identity as an independent nation after the dissolution of USSR. Nowadays globalization is extending to inter-cultural relations and interactions by high-tech communications and transportations. At a turning point historically Turkmen people, especially young people hope to join the global community.
The role of youth is very important to develop traditional community. The precondition of industrialization is the development of rural society and young people have to act as Physical and Spiritual leaders in this process. The development of rural community leads urbanization and will compete with the globalization in the end. Luckily Turkmenistan has good human resources that consist of many young people to be able to perform it effectively.
In 1970s Korea that was one of the poorest countries in the world achieved a great success of industrialization. People all over the world wondered at the marvelous development, though criticism of autocracy plan, and called as "the miracle of the Han river". The background of successful industrialization was caused by the mental reform and influenced the change of rural community. New community movement that was famous for "Saemaul Undong or New Village Movement" was the cornerstone of Korean modernization.
The guiding spirit of new village movement is 'Diligence', 'Self-Help' and 'Cooperation'. The movement was performed by the combination with government and people in perfect harmony. In this process, the honor of "We Can Do" spirit played a pivot role of development engine. Turkmen people who respect 'honor' have an opportunity with great potential to develop the rural community.
Turkmenistan is the society based on the extended family system and cooperation with the hospitality like Korean society in 1970s. People will be participating in the movement, when the government gives a motive to work by changing the idle-hands into working-hands. Turkmen people think “Water is a Turkmen’s life, a horse is his wings, and a carpet is his soul”. Because horse and carpet are the spirit of the combination with pioneer and tradition in the community.
The training, education and active participation of rural youth played a great role to perform Korea's New Village Movement. It has been accepted by the UN as one of the efficient rural development models in the world. Korea’s communal camp training project has been exported to more than 70 countries, sharing the rural development experience world-wide. I hope that Turkmenistan's Young scholars will join in Korea's practical training courses. The youth's mental values accompanying with global change the in Turkmenistan will fulfill the needs of the times.
Son Min Hun(Koreýa)
FIZIKI WE RUHY BA ÝLYK HÖKMÜNDE DÜN ÝÄ BILELEŞIGINI ÖSDÜRMEKDE ÝAŞLARYŇ ORNY
Irki döwürlerden bäri Türkmenistan siwilizasiýalaryň çatrygynda ýerleşýär. Onuň taryhyna yslam, türk, rus we günbatar medeniýeti täsir edipdir. Türkmen halky SSSR dargandan soň emele gelen Garaşsyz döwletiniň täze özboluşlygyna guwanýar. Häzirki wagtda globallaşma halkara gatnaşyklaryna we özara hereketlere ýokary tehnologik aragatnaşyklar we ýük daşamak arkaly ýaýraýar. Taryhy däp bolup gelşi ýaly, türkmen halkynyň özgerişler döwründe aýratyn-da ýaşlar dünýä bileleşigine goşulyşmaga çalyşýarlar.
Däp bolup gelýän bileleşigiň ösmeginde ýaşlaryň tutýan orny örän wajypdyr. Senagatlaşmagyň basgançagy oba jemgyýetleriniň ösmegi bolup durýar we ýaşlar bu prosesde fiziki we ruhy lider hökmünde hereket etmelidirler. Oba obşinalarynyň ösmegi urbanizasiýa alyp gelýär, bu bolsa ahyrky netijede globallaşmak bilen bäsleşige barýar. Gowy ýeri-de, Türkmenistanyň ýeterlik adam resurslary bar, oňa bolsa bu işleri netijeli ýerine ýetirmäge ukyply ençeme ýaşlar girýärler.
International Scientific Conference
⟪YOUNG SCIENTISTS - UNITING FORCE OF WORLD SCIENCE AND CULTURE⟫
Dr. HONG, president of RIES presented the paper at International Scientific Conference: <YOUNG SCIENTISTS - UNITING FORCE OF WORLD SCIENCE AND CULTURE>, held in Ashgabat city, Turkmenistan on September 4-5, 2013.
Opera, "Gerogly" and creative performance at the Turkmen State Institute of Culture
Participants of International Scientific Conference saw and enjoyed Opera, "Gerogly" and creative traditional performance at the Turkmen State Institute of Culture
Photos at Conference
* You can see more photos when you click the photo
Korea's Experience on Human Resources Role in the Community Development
Seong Min Hong, Ph.D., RIES
In 1970s, Korea which was one of the poorest countries in the world achieved a great success of industrialization. At that time, Korea was traditionally agricultural society. When the peasants are free from farm work in rural area, most of them lost their employment. The decadent culture such as gambling or drinking was spreading with a frustration. Government did not overlook this point and planned to use the latent labor force.
The background of new community movement was caused by the mental reform and influenced the change of rural community. It was famous for "Saemaul Undong (SMU) or New Village Movement" and was the cornerstone of Korean modernization.
As is well known, Korean hand skill like using the chopsticks is excellent. The method of changing the ‘idle hand’ into the ‘working hand’ was efficient to induce village workers to the urban workers. However government has no capital accumulation. Government found a way out of this difficulty. The effective solution is the export as an exit of industrial products.
'Mental reform' played a decisive role in Korean modernization. Korea with insufficient resources and capital accumulation has good human resources. Thanks to the excellent hand skill, the government needed of motive to transform the "idle hand" into the "working hand". This thinking caused the success of SMU, particularly youth leaders in rural areas took the lead in developing the traditional society.
Modernization in Korea owed the role of human resources to youth leaders in community development. Needless to say, it may be somewhat unreasonable that Kazakhstan's economic system applies to Korean model of economic development. Unlike Korea's economic circumstance in the 1970s, the industrial structure of Kazakhstan that has large territory and a lot of natural resources, particularly energy resources differs from Korea's economic structure.
In this paper, I would like to emphasize the importance of human resources in the economic development. The 'mental reform' of rural community in the process of the economic development is very important and the training of youth leaders in the village can play a pivotal role in the society's modernization.
Today the experience on the role of human resources in Korean SMU is a matter of interest to many developing countries and Korean development model has been the subject of a good benchmarking to Asia, the Middle East and Africa. I dare to emphasize that the role of human resources in Korea's SMU has greatly contributed to its economic development. I expect that Korean experience is a lesson to the future economic development in Kazakhstan.
 Dr. S.M. Hong is president, Research Institute of the East-West Economy & Society.